REGIMENTAL STRUCTURE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Royal Lincolnshire & Royal Anglian Regimental Association

 

 

 

 

 

The Royal Anglian Regiment

 

 

POACHER PROFILE

Justin Murray
Grenadier Company
Serjeant
Joined: 2012

Why did you join?
In 2011, while studying to become a history teacher at Framingham State University, I joined their history Club in the hopes of meeting people with similar interests. The club took a trip to the Wayside Inn to see the “Battle of Red Horse Tavern” and it was there I saw two members of the history club force the rebels to retreat. I was interested in photography at that time, and I took a photo of everyone’s muskets going off at once. So much fire came out that it darkened the photo even though it was mid-day. I was so impressed by my friends that I decided I wanted to join as well and by that time next year I was in ranks firing alongside them!

Why did you stay in the Regiment?
I continue to stay with the 10th because of the bond that we all share. We all have a love of history and a passion for sharing that interest with others. Whether it is through battles or school visits we all love that light bulb we create above people’s heads when we speak to them. Even then, it is much more than just about the love of history. When the tents are packed up and we go back to our regular lives we all talk to each other about how we can’t wait for the next event. The 10th has become like a second family to me and I feel so lucky to be a part of it.

What do you do in your real life?
I teach 8th grade social studies at Clinton Middle School. Over the course of a year, I teach my students how our modern system of government works in the United States and how it developed. My favorite day of the school year is when I invite members of the 10th to come speak to my students!

What are your interests outside of the Regiment
There are lots of hobbies that I dabble in such as cooking, sewing, and board games with friends. Recently, I have taken to making wine and mead!

 

 

Camp Life CapDuring the 1770's, a typical British Infantry Regiment consisted of the Field and Staff Officers and 10 companies, composed of three different types of soldiers: eight Battalion or "Hat" Companies, one Company of Grenadiers, and one Company of Light Infantry. Each of these companies had a specific role in the regiment and were typically manned as follows:





Parade MacaroniField and Staff Officers:
Lieutenant Colonel (the Officer Commanding), Major (Second in Command), Adjutant, Quartermaster, Chaplain, Surgeon and Surgeon's Mate.

Grenadier Company (49 Officers and men):
Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 2 Serjeants, 3 Corporals, 1 Drummer, 2 Fifers, 38 Private Soldiers.

Light Infantry Company (47 Officers and men):
Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 2 Serjeants, 3 Corporals, 1 Drummer, 38 Private Soldiers.

Eight Battalion Companies (47 Officers and men each):
Captain (or Captain-Lieutenant in the Colonel's, Lt. Colonel's, and Major's companies), 2 Lieutenants, 2 Serjeants, 3 Corporals, 1 Drummer, 38 Private Soldiers.


Thus, a Regiment at "full-strength" consisted of approximately 480 Officers, NCOs and Private Soldiers.

What did a soldier get paid?
Before we go into that, one needs to understand the 1700's British monetary system. The basic unit of currency was the pound (£), which consisted of 20 shillings (s). A shilling contained 12 pence (d). Thus, a pound was 240d (pence). The notation 1£ - 7s - 10d (also as 1-7-10) means 1 pound 7 shillings and 10 pence, which comes out to 390d. 7s / 10d (also as 7/10) = 7 shillings and 10 pence.

One pound from the 1770's would be worth ~£4.42 in todays money (note that the English monetary system was decimalized in 1971, the pound being divided into 100 units).

Some other common coinage at the time was:

So, getting back to the original question, "What was a British soldier paid?" Pay of course was determined by rank and the type of unit. The basic line infantry regiment, such as the Tenth Foot, was paid at the lowest scale, a Guard's unit the highest. Below is the "per day" scale as it would have applied to the Tenth Foot.

The Tenth Foot Today
Currently, the Recreated 10th Foot consists of three companies of soldiers: a Company of Grenadiers and a Company of Light Infantry -- these were the companies that took part in the march to Concord in the early morning hours of April 19th, 1775 -- and a newly reformed Colonel's (Battalion) Company. The Regiment also boasts a Company of Music and Corps of Civilian Volunteers. Follow the links below to find out more about the role each played in an 18th Century British Regiment.

In addition, as the Tenth Regiment is an IRS recognized 501(c)3 public charity incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, we are guided by a Board of Directors, which consists of members both from within and outside of the Regiment.


Board of Directors:


Company of Grenadiers:


Company of Light Infantry:


Colonel's Company:



Company of Music:



Corps of Civilian Volunteers: